Third Edition

Editor in Chief:

Neal D. Barnard, MD, FACC

Medical Authors:

Angela Eakin, MD, MS Manuel Calcagno, MD Stephen Neabore, MD Emily Kasmar, AGPCNP-BC James F. Loomis, MD Caroline Trapp, DNP, ANP- BC, CDE, FAANP Meghan A. Jardine, MS, MBA, RDN, LD, CDE

Nutrition Authors:

Rick Weissinger, MS, RD Maggie Neola, RD Matthew Ruscigno, MPH, RD Susan M. Levin, MS, RD Karen L. Smith, RD, CDE Managing Editors:

Doug Hall Rosendo Flores Medical Reviewers: Kristen Babinski, MD, PhD Daniel M. Berinstein, MD Andrea Boggild, MSc, MD, DTMH, FRCPC Shelly Delplanche, MD Jack Flyer, MD Daniel A. Forman, DO Eduardo Garcia Lirio, MD Manuel O. Gonzalez, MD Hesham Hazin, MD Frederick Hendricks, MD, MPH, FACS Hana Kahleova, MD, PhD Daniel Z. Lieberman, MD Michael Persky, MD Caren Pichardo, MD Ramya Ramakrishnan, MD Patricia Tager, MD Jordan Taillon, MD, MPH Angus B. Worthing, MD, FACP, FACR Maureen Wang, MD, FACC Susan L. Zito, DO

Thank you to Jennifer Winchester, MD; Sergio Ramirez Salazar, MD; Pamela Ferguson, RD; Brent Jaster, MD; Scott Kahan, MD; Michael Keevican; Laura Anderson; Reina Pohl, M.P.H.; Lee Crosby, RD; and Craig Ziskin for their contributions to this work.

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

Washington, DC

Last updated: January 12, 2018